Getting to Know Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes (from the Spanish or Portuguese meaning little flies) is a common insect in the family Culicidae.

Mosquitoes go through four stages in their lifecycle: egg, larva pupa and adult or imago. Adult females lay their eggs in water, which can be a salt marsh, a lake, a puddle, a natural reservoir on a plant, or an artificial water container such as a plastic bucket. The first three stages are aquatic and last 5–14 days, depending on the species and the ambient temperature; eggs hatch to become larvae, then pupae. The adult mosquito emerges from the pupa as it floats at the water surface. Adults live for 4–8 weeks.

Mosquitoes have mouthparts that are adapted for piercing the skin of plants and animals. While males typically feed on nectar and plant juices, the female needs to obtain nutrients from a “blood meal” before she can produce eggs. Want to learn more mosquito facts? Ask our expert staff!